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Critical Outcomes in Nonrobotic vs Robotic-Assisted Cardiac Surgery
Outcomes of robotic vs nonrobotic cardiac surgery were evaluated using 1:2 propensity score matching of patients in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Operations included valves/septae (10%), coronary arteries (47%), and other. Mean costs were 7.5% higher for robotic cases. Robotic procedures had shorter length of stay (5 vs 6 days), lower mortality (1.0% vs 1.9%), and fewer complications (27% vs 30%).