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Air pollution and lung cancer incidence in 17 European cohorts: prospective analyses from the European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects (ESCAPE)
The authors surveyed the effects of particulate air pollution on the development of lung cancer and the adenocarcinoma subtype in 17 European cohorts totalling over 300,000 members and over 4 million person-years at risk. Over 2,000 lung cancers were diagnosed during the follow-up period. Particulate pollution was associated with a 20% increase in the risk of lung cancer and a 50% increase in the risk of adenocarcinoma.