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Esophageal Cancer - Surgery

August 12, 2021
Although the standard of care in the West for regionally advanced esophageal cancer entails induction therapy, this is routinely not the case in China. This randomized trial involving over 450 randomized participants to induction therapy (vinorelbine, cisplatin, 40 Gy RT) followed by resection vs resection alone.
June 25, 2021
Data from the Esodata project used more than 8,000 patients undergoing esophagectomy for cancer to develop a risk prediction score for 90-day mortality.  Development and validation groups were used.  There were 10 variables that emerged as significant predictors, and weighted values were developed into the model.  The model identified 5 risk levels f
June 10, 2021
Chyle leak remains a challenging postoperative complication to manage, and avoidance is always easier than mitigation.  The only predisposing factor identified in this study was low BMI.  Although ICU stay was longer in affected patients, operative mortality, hospital LOS, and survival were not negatively impacted by the presence of a leak. 
June 27, 2020
The previous randomized study of minimally invasive esophagectomy vs open esophagectomy (TIME trial) conducted in the Netherlands demonstrated reduced pulmonary complications and LOS with MIE.  Compared to the benefits of MIE in those selected high volume centers, national use of MIE was associated with increased overall complications, increased pulm
November 2, 2019
A batch of staplers manufactured in July-August 2019 and distributed during August-September 2019 has been recalled. Seven serious injuries and one death are reported to have been associated with failure of this device.
October 24, 2019
The National Cancer Database was queried regarding esophageal squamous cancer cases from 2004-2013, and over 11,000 patients were identified. Definitive chemoradiotherapy was used in 79%, whereas resection was employed in 21% at some phase of therapy.
August 22, 2019
In this multiinstitutional retrospective study, administration of adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with persistent nodal disease after induction therapy and esophagectomy was associated with improved survival.
August 15, 2019
Regionalization of care for complex problems remains an open question in most countries. This review demonstrated that, for high risk cancer operations in the US, the Leapfrog group's volume standards did not differentiate between surgical mortality outcomes for lung and esophageal cancer surgery.
April 17, 2019
Dr Burt gives a brief overview of the considerable advances for patients with thoracic malignancies (non–small cell lung cancer in particular).
February 14, 2019
Yang and colleagues investigated the use of intestinal flaps for the reconstruction of the cervical esophagus. They reviewed 22 patients with intestinal segments used to salvage failed primary esophagus reconstruction. There was one case of flap failure.