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Trachea and Bronchi - Benign Diseases

April 15, 2019
These reference videos describe how to perform surgical bronchoscopy, discuss how to identify normal and abnormal findings, and give a gist of how the thoracic surgeon assesses the bronchial tree.
March 14, 2019
Leanne Harling and Martin Elliott discuss the establishment of the UK National Tracheal Service and the evolution of tracheal surgery.
June 25, 2018
This written and video case review from Osho and colleagues centers on a 54-year-old woman who suffered smoke inhalation injury as a result of a house fire. Following prolonged intubation, mechanical ventilation, open tracheostomy tube placement, and recurrent pneumonia, the patient was diagnosed with a tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF).
June 5, 2018
Timman and colleagues assessed the functional outcomes of patients who underwent laryngotracheal resection (LTR) and reconstruction for benign laryngotracheal stenosis. Between 1996 and 2017, 119 consecutive patients underwent LTR (n = 47) or end-to-end segmented tracheal resection (n = 56).
May 8, 2018
This systematic review by Udelsman and colleagues assesses the clinical successes and setbacks of the current methods of airway replacement. Twenty-one studies, focusing primarily on the clinical translation of circumferential or near circumferential tracheal substitutes, were included in the final assessment.
April 2, 2015
250 children with tuberculosis causing central airway narrowing were evaluated.  34% needed transthoracic nodal dissection for relief of obstruction, nearely one-third of those as an urgent procedure.  Success was more common in those with bronchus intermedius or left main bronchial obstruction.  The success rate was 98%. 
August 5, 2014
The formation of endotracheal casts comprised of inflammatory debris (plastic bronchitis) is a rare but life-threatening complication of the Fontan procedure.  This summary of 14 pts so affected demonstrated a mean interval to development of plastic bronchitis of 1.5 years.  Casts were treated with outpt t-PA (13 pts) and pulmonary vasodilators.  Les
May 3, 2014
For those of you anticipating the need to perform an emergency cricothyroidotomy outside of a medical setting, this article will guide you to the best pen to use for this purpose. [Spoiler alert: Baron retractable ballpoint and BIC soft feel jumbo]