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Mitral valve disease (congenital)

December 24, 2015
The impact of combined mitral stenosis and aortic atresia on outcomes of Norwood procedures for hypoplastic left heart syndrome was examined in a single institution.  The incidence among 74 operated patients was 19%.  Mortality for affected patients was 29% vs 7% for the other patients.   The mechanism of mortality appeared to be myocardial ischemia.
April 30, 2015
Results of AV valve surgery in patients with Fontan circulation were evaluated over a 23 year period.  54 (9.3%) of patients requird AV valve surgery, mostly prior to the Fontan operation.    90% of patients were free from death or transplantation at 5 years; this fell to 81% at 10 years.  Nearly 45% required AV valve reoperation.  The rate of persis

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