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Minimally Invasive Atrial Septal Defect Repair and Redirection of the Pulmonary Venous Return
Sinus venosus type atrial septal defects comprise around 10% of all ASD, and are frequently associated with anomalous return of pulmonary veins. Their location and associated anomalous pulmonary venous return preclude closure with percutaneous devices. The authors present a simple method to repair the atrial septal defect and redirect the pulmonary venous return, which can be performed through an upper ministernotomy approach.