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Bidirectional Superior Cavopulmonary Anastomosis With or Without Cardiopulmonary Bypass: A Randomized Study
Talwar and colleagues randomized 100 pediatric patients receiving bidirectional superior cavopulmonary anastomosis to on-cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and off-CPB groups. Significantly lower anastomosis time, postoperative inotropic support, and ICU and hospital stay duration were observed in the off-CPB group. Although the study only addressed early outcomes, no short-term difference in neurocognitive measures was observed between groups.