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The Evolution of Surgery: The Story of “Two Poems”

Saturday, October 25, 2014

Submitted by


Source Name: JAMA


Freischlag JA, Kibbe MR

The authors of this piece summarize how surgery has changed over the past decades. They do this using the mnemonic: TWO POEMS:

Teamwork, Work hours,Outcomes, Patient-centered care, Outpatient, Expense, Minimally invasive, Simulation and education.

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