This site is not optimized for Internet Explorer 8 (or older).
Please upgrade to a newer version of Internet Explorer or use an alternate browser such as Chrome or Firefox.
Near-Infrared Image-Guided Lymphatic Mapping in Minimally Invasive Oesophagectomy of Distal Oesophageal Cancer
Helminen and colleagues employ near-infrared imaging as a novel technique for lymphatic mapping in minimally invasive esophagectomy of distal esophageal cancer. Indocyanine green dye was injected endoscopically and used to identify nodal stations outside of the en bloc resection area.