The authors examined the SEER database to assess racial disparities in use of PET for lung cancer staging 2007-2015 and subsequent one-year survival. Blacks (OR 0.54) and Hispanics (OR 0.72) were less likely to undergo PET compared to non-Hispanic whites. Use of PET was associated with improved survival (HR 0.61).
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Lung - Cancer
February 8, 2020
The newest version of the ASCO guidelines for lung cancer surveillance after curative lung cancer therapy is presented. The overall quality of supportive evidence is low, and the strength of recommendations is moderate. CT is recommended as the optimal imaging modality.
February 1, 2020
Individuals at high risk for lung cancer were randomized to low dose CT screening (years 0, 1, 3, and 5.5) or observation. At 10 years the cumulative rate ratio for lung cancer death was 0.76 in the screened population of men (p=0.01) and 0.67 in the screened population of women, demonstrating a strong benefit for screening.
January 10, 2020
Declines in US annual lung cancer mortality rates of 5% for men and 4% for women led improvements in overall cancer mortality rates in the latest update from the American Cancer Society. This is likely linked to efforts at decreasing tobacco use, improved screening, and newer systemic therapies.
January 10, 2020
Benign-appearing lung nodules identified on screening CTs are associated with an increased risk of lung cancer diagnosis 4 to 8 and 8 to 11 years after the scan (RRs 1.9 and 1.6, respectively).
County-Level Variations in Receipt of Surgery for Early-Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer in the United States
December 18, 2019
Performance of curative surgery for early stage cancer varied considerably among counties in the US, and was related to socioeconomic factors, availability of surgeons, and non-metropolitan status.
November 7, 2019
This brief overview of recently presented improvements in lung cancer therapy highlights the substantial benefits of newer chemotherapy and immunotherapy regimens that are transforming the outlooks of many patients with advanced lung cancer.
Incidence, Management, and Outcomes of Intraoperative Catastrophes During Robotic Pulmonary Resection
October 24, 2019
This multiinstitutional study including advocates of robotic lung resection identified a 1.9% incidence of intraoperative castrophes, most commonly pulmonary arterial bleeding. Patients at risk had lower FEV1%, higher clinical stage, and more frequent preoperative radiation therapy.
October 24, 2019
This analysis of data from the JCOG0201 trial identified factors that place patients at increased risk for recurrence after lobectomy for stage I adenocarcinoma. They include visceral pleural invasion, vascular invasion, or an invasive component measuring >2 cm.
October 21, 2019
Better cardiorespiratory fitness as quantified by treadmill exercise testing was associated with a substantially decreased likelihood of lung cancer in former smokers (77% reduction in very fit) and reduced mortality in smokers who subsequently developed lung cancer (85% reduction in very fit).