This site is not optimized for Internet Explorer 8 (or older).

Please upgrade to a newer version of Internet Explorer or use an alternate browser such as Chrome or Firefox.

Adult Congenital Pulmonary Valve Replacement: A Simple, Effective, and Reproducible Technique

Wednesday, July 11, 2012

Presented at the STSA 2010 Annual Meeting

Pulmonary valve replacement is a relatively uncommon operation in adults, with the exception of those patients operated on previously for congenital heart disease. In children with lesions involving pulmonary stenosis, the pulmonary valve is often excised and the right ventricular outflow tract is augmented with a transannular outflow tract patch. Prosthetic valves are rarely used in infants and small children undergoing Tetralogy of Fallot repair due to size constraints. Right ventricular dilation and dysfunction often develops in adulthood as a result of the the pulmonary insufficiency created by these operations. Subsequent placement of a competent pulmonary valve is a means to eliminate the volume overload and prevent further deterioration.

Without the valve size constraints present at prior to operations, these patients are well served by the placement of adult-sized bioprosthetic valves. There are limited descriptions in the adult cardiac literature of the actual technique of pulmonary valve replacement. This video demonstrates our current technique and the pitfalls encountered when performing bioprosthetic pulmonary valve replacement in adults.

Figures in the video first appeared in the article "Adult Congenital Pulmonary Valve Replacement: A Simple, Effective, and Reproducible Technique" (Congenital Heart Disease, 2: 314–318. doi: 10.1111/j.1747-0803.2007.00118.x) and are displayed with the permission of John Wiley and Sons who hold the copyright.



If the pulmonary artery is normal sized, should you still use this technique. For instance if the just had pulmonary valve stenosis as a baby. Why over size the valve?
Regardless of the size of the pulmonary artery, I use the same technique. However, I do it just as much to maintain the appropriate geometry of the right ventricular outflow tract, as I do it to fit in an appropriate sized valve. Due to the geometry, it is very difficult to open the pulmonary artery, place the valve within, and to close the pulmonary back over the valve. The technique of adding a patch improves exposure, provides some flexibility, and allows the valve to be positioned in a favorable location and angle. For those with a normal sized pulmonary artery, more of the valve can be sewn into the native tissue and the patch can be more narrow.

Add comment

Log in or register to post comments