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Induction Chemotherapy is Not Superior to a Surgery-First Strategy for Clinical N1 Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Sunday, August 28, 2016

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Source Name: Annals of Thoracic Surgery


Paul J Speicher, Zachary W Fitch, Brian C Gulack, Chi-Fu J Yang, Betty C Tong, David H Harpole, Thomas A D'Amico, Mark F Berry, and Matthew G Hartwig

The authors tested the hypothesis that induction therapy improves survival in patients undergoing resection for clinical N1 disease using information from the National Cancer Data Base.  10% of over 5,000 pts were treated with induction therapy.  They were 2:1 propensity matched with patients undergoing the traditional surgery first strategy.  Among surgery first patients, 16% were overstaged (pN0) and 11% were understaged (pN2-3).   There was no difference in short-term outcomes or survival between the two treatment groups.

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