This site is not optimized for Internet Explorer 8 (or older).
Please upgrade to a newer version of Internet Explorer or use an alternate browser such as Chrome or Firefox.
VATS Using Local Anesthesia and Sedation: Lessons Learned
The authors summarizes a personal experience with 529 patients undergoing VATS operations under local anesthesia and sedation. No nerve block, epidural, laryngeal mask airway, or endotracheal intubation was used. Indications were lung nodule, hemothorax, empyema, pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, chylothorax, etc. There was one unsuccessful attempt using this technique.