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Journal and News Scan

Source: STAT
Author(s): Susie A. Han and Valerie Gutmann Koch

The authors describe a thoughtful process for resource utilization in the setting of competing needs that optimizes survival for a popultion. Examples of existing guidelines are provided.

Source: Imperial College COVID-19 Response Team
Author(s): Neil M Ferguson, Daniel Laydon, Gemma Nedjati-Gilani, Natsuko Imai, Kylie Ainslie, Marc Baguelin, Sangeeta Bhatia, Adhiratha Boonyasiri, Zulma Cucunubá, Gina Cuomo-Dannenburg, Amy Dighe, Ilaria Dorigatti, Han Fu, Katy Gaythorpe, Will Green, Arran Hamlet, Wes Hinsley, Lucy C Okell, Sabine van Elsland, Hayley Thompson, Robert Verity, Erik Volz, Haowei Wang, Yuanrong Wang, Patrick GT Walker, Caroline Walters, Peter Winskill, Charles Whittaker, Christl A Donnelly, Steven Riley, Azra C Ghani on behalf of the Imperial College COVID-19 Response Team.

This important paper is the modeling that the UK has based its advice on. 

Source: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Author(s): Rustain L Morgan, Sana D Karam, Cathy J Bradley

The authors examined the SEER database to assess racial disparities in use of PET for lung cancer staging 2007-2015 and subsequent one-year survival. Blacks  (OR 0.54) and Hispanics (OR 0.72) were less likely to undergo PET compared to non-Hispanic whites. Use of PET was associated with improved survival (HR 0.61).  

Source: The Glenfield Hospital
Author(s): Sameer Hanna

Simulation of the intubation plan for COVID-19 patients in the current pandemic. Simulation follow the FICM, RCoA, ICS and AAGBI online published guidance.

Source: The Washington Post
Author(s): Harry Stevens

This is a very interesting article with four scenario live simulators that demonstrate what happens to the peak of the outbreaks in various sitations from no isolation to severe isolations for a population. A very useful graphical tool to show why this is an important strategy at the moment. 

Source: JAMA Network
Author(s): Howard Buchner, Editor in Chief of JAMA

This is a MUST WATCH interview with Maurizio Cecconi, president elect of the European Intensive Care Society and an intensivist in Milan, Italy, where the Lombardy region has looked after around a thousand patients in the intensive cares of the region with COVID-19. He is interviewed by the Editor in Chief of JAMA and gives very sensible advice. 

Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Jennifer Bailey, Okan U. Elci, Christopher E. Mascio, Laura Mercer-Rosa, Elizabeth Goldmuntz

The optimal approach for repair of tetralogy of Fallot in symptomatic neonates was assessed comparing complete repair to staged repair. Greater early morbidity was associated with complete repair, but long-term outcomes regarding neurocognitive development need to be assessed in both groups.

Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Hyo-Hyun Kim, Sak Lee, Hyun-Chel Joo, Jung-Hwan Kim, Young-Nam Youn, Kyung-Jong Yoo, Seung-Hyun Lee

Suture techniques were compared for prosthesis-patient mismatch among groups who underwent aortic valve replacement and had a small annulus. Nonpledget mattress sutures performed better than pledget mattress sutures and figure-of-8 nonpledget sutures.

Source: European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Chunji Chen, Xiaofeng Zhang, Chang Gu, Yiyang Wang, Kun Liu, Xufeng Pan, Shijie Fu, Limin Fan, Rui Wang

This article analyzes the outcome of video-assisted thoracoscopic lung resections performed at night compared to daytime operations. Nighttime operations carried a higher risk of intraoperative complications. The authors conclude surgeons should avoid nighttime operations whenever possible.

Source: European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Massimiliano M Marrocco-Trischitta, Moad Alaidroos, Rodrigo M Romarowski, Valentina Milani, Federico Ambrogi, Francesco Secchi, Mattia Glauber, Giovanni Nano

This review article looks into the role of ´bovine´ aortic arch configuration as a risk factor for aortic disease. An arch configuration with common origin of the innominate and left carotid artery was associated with a higher risk of thoracic aortic dissection when looking at the results of 485 studies, including 11,381 patients. The authors concluded that ´bovine´ aortic arch configuration should be recognized as a risk factor for aortic disease.