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Lung - Basic Science

July 19, 2012
The Novalung Interventional Lung Assist (iLA) device is a membrane ventilator that allows for oxygen and carbon dioxide gas exchange to occur by simple diffusion.
January 17, 2011
In 1932, the radiologist Henry Pancoast first described a superior pulmonary sulcus tumor (SST) as a carcinoma (of uncertain origin) developing in the apex of the chest.
August 30, 2010
Pericardial cysts are an uncommon benign congenital anomaly in the middle mediastinum.  They represent 6% of mediastinal masses, and 33% of mediastinal cysts.  Other cysts in the mediastinum are bronchogenic – 34%, enteric – 12%, thymic and others – 21%.
August 30, 2010
A 42-year-old man with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) presented to the emergency department (ED) complaining of worsening shortness of breath and respiratory distress.  His home oxygen requirement was 2 liters by nasal canula, and he has had multiple prior hospital admissions for respiratory failure.
August 30, 2010
Hemodynamically stable patients with an undiagnosed pericardial effusion are well suited for a thoracoscopic window. When pericardial, pleural, or pulmonary pathology co-exist and require diagnosis or therapy, a thoracoscopic approach is ideal.
October 6, 2009
Ligation of the thoracic duct is indicated in any patient with a traumatic or iatrogenic chylothorax who has not responded to a brief trial of conservative management such as a low-fat diet, medium-chain triglycerides, total parenteral nutrition, and/or octreotide.
September 13, 2009
The patient is a 16-year-old male who was a restrained passenger in a car that collided with a guardrail at high speed. He was initially admitted to the referring hospital with no respiratory symptoms and with oxygen saturations over 90%.
September 13, 2009
A 62-year-old Ukrainian man presented with facial swelling, chest wall varices, and a large mediastinal mass. He underwent core biopsy that demonstrated a mixed thymoma. Nine years previously, the patient had undergone an anterior thoracotomy and excisional biopsy of a mediastinal mass demonstrating necrotic tissue and no definitive diagnosis was made.

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