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Lung - Basic Science

July 19, 2012
The Novalung Interventional Lung Assist (iLA) device is a membrane ventilator that allows for oxygen and carbon dioxide gas exchange to occur by simple diffusion.
January 17, 2011
In 1932, the radiologist Henry Pancoast first described a superior pulmonary sulcus tumor (SST) as a carcinoma (of uncertain origin) developing in the apex of the chest.
August 30, 2010
A 42-year-old man with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) presented to the emergency department (ED) complaining of worsening shortness of breath and respiratory distress.  His home oxygen requirement was 2 liters by nasal canula, and he has had multiple prior hospital admissions for respiratory failure.
August 30, 2010
Pericardial cysts are an uncommon benign congenital anomaly in the middle mediastinum.  They represent 6% of mediastinal masses, and 33% of mediastinal cysts.  Other cysts in the mediastinum are bronchogenic – 34%, enteric – 12%, thymic and others – 21%.
August 30, 2010
Hemodynamically stable patients with an undiagnosed pericardial effusion are well suited for a thoracoscopic window. When pericardial, pleural, or pulmonary pathology co-exist and require diagnosis or therapy, a thoracoscopic approach is ideal.
October 6, 2009
Ligation of the thoracic duct is indicated in any patient with a traumatic or iatrogenic chylothorax who has not responded to a brief trial of conservative management such as a low-fat diet, medium-chain triglycerides, total parenteral nutrition, and/or octreotide.
September 13, 2009
The patient is a 16-year-old male who was a restrained passenger in a car that collided with a guardrail at high speed. He was initially admitted to the referring hospital with no respiratory symptoms and with oxygen saturations over 90%.
September 13, 2009
A 62-year-old Ukrainian man presented with facial swelling, chest wall varices, and a large mediastinal mass. He underwent core biopsy that demonstrated a mixed thymoma. Nine years previously, the patient had undergone an anterior thoracotomy and excisional biopsy of a mediastinal mass demonstrating necrotic tissue and no definitive diagnosis was made.

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