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Congenital

July 4, 2014
Neuroprotection strategies during deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) in infants undergoing cardiac surgery are varied.
May 29, 2014
The authors studied outcomes after congenital operations in 12 programs in New York state (4,776 operations) to assess whether prolonged length of stay (PLOS) can be used as a quality measure.  PLOS incidence ranged from 7.5% to 36.5.5.  PLOS was strongly correlated with mortality rates.  The authors conclude that PLOS is a reasonable quality metric,
May 6, 2014
This study compared early and intermediate biventricular function after early arterial switch in 26 infants and 20 age-matched controls. At 1 year LV performance was similar in ASO and controls, whereas RV systolic and diastolic function remained impaired.  This stresses the need for ongoing monitoring of RV function after ASO.
April 7, 2014
This video demonstrates the conduct of a novel beating-heart Norwood operation. The procedure is universally-applicable to even the smallest aortas.
March 10, 2014
This video shows a female toddler with diagnosed idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. The patient presented with worsening symptoms of congestive heart failure and was treated with the help of a left ventricular assist device.
March 2, 2014
Fontan connections made using a lateral tunnel (LT) or extracardiac (EC) pathway were evaluated over time using MR. LT pathways generally increased in diameter while EC pathways did not. Normalized LT and EC diameters decreased relative to somatic growth, while descending aortic diameter increased in parallel with somatic growth.
February 6, 2014
The accuracy of the diagnosis in patients undergoing congenital heart surgery in a large administrative database was examined in over 14,000 patients aged 0 to 5. Patients admitted on day 1 of life and those undergoing ECMO had a much higher chance of being assigned non-cardiac diagnoses.
September 6, 2013
The cause of pectus deformities is thought to be abnormal elongation and/or distorsion of the rib cartilages. A simplified open repair is described based on the subperichondrial resection of the abnormal cartilages, and in the case of pectus excavatum, the use of an easily removable metallic strut.
March 17, 2013
We first demonstrate the key features of congenitally corrected transposition, namely the discordant connections across both the atrioventricular and ventriculo-arterial junctions. The two discordant connections cancel each other out, so that potentially the circulations are congenitally corrected.
March 17, 2013
Introductory Remarks

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