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Cancer

August 5, 2014
Optimal management of superior sulcus tumors remains challenging.  This SWOG protocol was a feasibility study of the utility of consolidation therapy with docetaxel in addition to cisplatin-etoposide, 45Gy, and possible resection.   Of 46 registered pts, 86% completed induction therapy, 66% underwent resection, and 45% completed consolidation therapy
July 29, 2014
Records of nearly 24,000 Australian patients with NSCLC were evaluated to determine the relationship between distance to the nearest speciality hospital (NASH) and survival.  Increasing distance from a NASH was associated with decreasing likelihood of admission to a NASH and decreasing likelihood of lung cancer resection, resulting in an increasing h
July 29, 2014
Using data from 2 centers in London, outcomes after induction therapy and resection for esophageal cancer were analyzed according to the pathological response to induction therapy.  Downstaging was the strongest predictor of survival (HR 0.43).  Downstaging was also associated with a lower rate of local recurrence (6% vs 13%) and systemic recurrence
July 28, 2014
The authors queried whether PET has utility in clinically staging Tis or T1 esophageal cancers; this was a single institution retrospective study involving 79 pts.  The incidence of FDG uptake increased with increasing T status, as did the SUV.  Nodal staging was false positive in 3 pts and false negative all 13 pts with nodal involvement.  Metastati
July 28, 2014
The efficacy of induction therapy for clinical T2 esophageal cancer was evaluated using the National Cancer Database.  Pretreatment staging was accurate in only 27% of pts.  42% of pts were upstaged and 32% were downstaged.  Induction therapy had no survival benefit.   
July 28, 2014
Participants in the Lung Cancer Screening Trial were evaluated for success in smoking cessation linked to findings in their screening CTs.  The odds ratios for continued smoking decreased with increasingly worrisome abnormalities on CTs: 0.81 for a major abnormality not suspicious for cancer, 0.79 for an abnormality suspicious for cancer but stable,
July 28, 2014
This study tracked changes in management for and outcomes of T1a and T1b esophageal cancer using data from the National Cancer Data Base.  Endoscopic resection increased nearly 3-fold to 53% for T1a lesions during the interval, and increased nearly 3-fold to 21% for T1b cancers.  Nodal involvement was predicted by T status, tumor size >2cm, and tu
July 26, 2014
Outcomes of lung adenocarcinoma classified according to the new IASLC/ATS/ERS system were evaluated in this retrospective single-institution study involving 573 pts who underwent surgical treatment.  Histologic patterns were associated with sex and tumor TNM factors.  Recurrence was higher in micropapillary and solid-predominant cancers.  These subty
July 26, 2014
This article presents guidelines on the diagnosis and management of advanced stage lung cancer developed by the ESMO in 2013.
July 26, 2014
This article summarizes consensus guidelines for the diagnosis and management of early stage lung cancer developed by ESMO in 2013.

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