This site is not optimized for Internet Explorer 8 (or older).
Please upgrade to a newer version of Internet Explorer or use an alternate browser such as Chrome or Firefox.
Bilateral Versus Single Internal-Thoracic-Artery Grafts at 10 Years
The Arterial Revascularization Trial Investigators recently published the outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using bliateral versus single internal thoracic artery (ITA) after 10 years. Patients were randomly assigned to CABG using the bliateral or single ITA. The primary outcome was death from any cause at 10-year follow-up. Secondary outcomes were the composite of death from any cause, myocardial infarction, or stroke, rate of repeat revascularization, and safety outcomes. At 10 years, death occurred in 644 patients (20.8%), with 315 deaths (20.3%) occurring in the bilateral ITA group versus 329 (21.2%) in the single-graft group (P=0.62). The number of secondary events was 385 (24.9%) in the bilateral ITA versus 425 (27.3%) in the single ITA group (hazard ratio, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.79 to 1.03). No significant differences were found between the two groups in the rate of death from any cause or the rate of the composite outcome of death, myocardial infarction, or stroke. Further studies are needed to determine whether multiple arterial grafts can provide better outcomes than a single ITA graft.