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Impact of Brachytherapy on Local Recurrence Rates After Sublobar Resection: Results From ACOSOG Z4032 (Alliance), a Phase III Randomized Trial for High-Risk Operable Non–Small-Cell Lung Cancer
This multiinstitutional randomized trial compared sublobar resection alone to sublobar resection with adjuvant brachytherapy in high risk patients with peripheral NSCLC <3cm. Time to and type of local recurrence were similar between the groups. Brachytherapy did not importantly improve local control in patients with potentially compromised margins. The 3-year suvival rate in both groups was 71%.