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Extracorporeal Circulation

January 31, 2017
The authors of this review article offer an approach to the utilization of a contempory mechanical circulatory support devices.  They further provide insights of the key role that well-functioning interdisciplinary teams contribute to the success of a MCS program and future directions to consider as this field continues to rapidly evolve.
October 13, 2016
This single-center study explored the relationship between spontaneous echo contrast (SEC) and the incidence of thromboembolism and CVA in 98 patients undergoing peripheral VA ECMO.  Twenty-two percent of patients had SEC while they were on ECMO.  Those exhibiting SEC had significantly higher rates of intracardiac thrombus (46% v.
August 28, 2016
Operative and postoperative factors' relationship to intermediate term neurodevelopment were assessed in patients who underwent cardiac surgery on bypass at age 9 mos or less using the Psychomotor Development Index (PMI) and the Mental Development Index (MDI).  Lower PDI and MDI were associated with longer interoperative support time, with use of ECM
November 16, 2015
Data from a large multicenter registry were evaluated to determine whether there is a sex difference in susceptibility to acute kidney injury after CBP related to nadir hematocrit levels.  Based on a 21% hematocrit threshold, 9.5% of men and 31.9% of women were affected.  Rates of AKI were similar between the sexes.  There was a strong interaction be
January 14, 2015
Deep hypothermia and cardioplegic myocardial arrest, with or without selective cerebral perfusion, is traditionally performed during aortic arch reconstruction. In this video, the authors describe a technique for selective cerebral perfusion combined with controlled coronary perfusion for hypoplastic aortic arch repair.
December 11, 2014
Provocative study that analyzes lower body perfusion in a porcine model during cardiopulmonary bypass with an actuated IABP in place to effect pulsatile perfusion.  Parameters of distal perfusion including measurement of pressures and microsphere perfusion indicate that flow distal to the balloon pump may be impaired. 
July 21, 2014
This video demonstrates VA ECMO using the right axillary artery and the right femoral vein.

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