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Diaphragm

July 1, 2008
Thymectomy for myasthenia gravis, thymic cysts, thymoma less than two centimeters in size, and mediastinal parathyroid adenoma within the thymus are all indications for a video-assisted extended transcervical thymectomy.
July 1, 2008
Epiphrenic diverticuli are acquired mucosal outpouchings protruding through the muscular wall of the distal 10 cm of the esophagus. Most are associated with an underlying esophageal motility disorder.
June 17, 2008
Unilateral diaphragmatic agenesis is a rare diagnosis typically made early in infancy and generally associated with other genetic anomalies. We present an unusual case of adult onset progressive shortness of breath and peripartum hepatic herniation into the chest, which on intraoperative exploration revealed diaphragmatic agenesis.
June 15, 2008
Various diathermy techniques have been proposed to reduce intraoperative blood loss in surgery. In particular, standard bipolar technology is able to coagulate small vessels, with a diameter ranging from 1 mm to 3 mm, but it has some disadvantages, including sticking, charring, and significant thermal spread [1,2].
April 8, 2008
Tissue sealing remains a requirement for advanced general thoracic procedures with the aims of improving hemostasis, diminishing lymphatic fluid production, and prevention of postoperative air leaks.  Different products have become available in recent years that include commercial biological glues, autologous glues made on-site, and biological fibrin-based products.
April 8, 2008
Pulmonary nodules and masses are common reasons for referring patients to the pulmonologist, radiologist, and thoracic surgeon for evaluation. The burgeoning use of chest computed tomography for screening, to rule out pulmonary embolism, and for other indications may lead to a significant increase in patients with newly discovered lesions.
April 8, 2008
The impetus for intrabronchial treatment of emphysema came from the experiences with lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS).
April 8, 2008
The desire for an objective method to record, quantify, and store lung sound information was the impetus for development of the field of computer-assisted mapping of lung sounds. Techniques are constantly evolving, with many different types of sensors, sensor coupling methods, and digital signal processing techniques in existence.

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