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Journal and News Scan

Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Author(s): Francois Dagenais

A succinct analysis of a challenging problem, with a discussion on the 'magic diameter' of 55 mm.

Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Fei-Yi Wu, Abhijit Mondal, Pedro J. del Nido, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Sitaram M. Emani, Christopher W. Baird, Aditya K. Kaza

This single institution study of outcomes for the treatment of supravalvular aortic stenosis over a 20-year period identified risk factors for reintervention or reoperation: age <1 year, smaller aortic valve or aortic root, and concomitant right ventricular outflow tract repair.

Source: European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Ilaria Chirichilli, Francesco Irace, Luca Weltert, Kazumasa Tsuda, Raffaele Scaffa, Andrea Salica, Nicola Galea, Ruggero De Paulis

Aortic annulus size and shape were analyzed in computed tomography angiography after a reimplantation procedure in patients with bicuspid and tricuspid aortic valves. Prior to surgery, elliptic shape was observed in tricuspid valves and more circular shape in bicuspid valves. After reimplantation, there was no difference between groups with similar roundness regardless of valve morphology. The authors concluded that annuloplasty plays an active role on the geometry of the aortic annulus.

Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Aashish Kumar, Chris Anstey, Peter Tesar, Kiran Shekar

This single institution study spanning a decade of experience identified a 6.5% rate of mortality, which was related to active endocarditis at the time of surgery, the need for preoperative ventilation, longer bypass times, and increasing European risk score.

Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Author(s): Chun-Yang Huang, Hung-Lung Hsu, Po-Lin Chen, Tzu-Ting Kuo, I-Ming Chen, Chiao-Po Hsu, Chun-Che Shih

Interesting retrospective imaging study of true and false lumens with or without bare metal stents placed distally in the abdominal aorta.

Source: MedPage Today
Author(s): Charles Bankhead

This brief overview of recently presented improvements in lung cancer therapy highlights the substantial benefits of newer chemotherapy and immunotherapy regimens that are transforming the outlooks of many patients with advanced lung cancer.

Source: Circulation
Author(s): Matthew R. Summers, Martin B. Leon, Craig R. Smith, Susheel K. Kodali, Vinod H. Thourani, Howard C. Herrmann, Raj R. Makkar, Philippe Pibarot, John G. Webb, Jonathon Leipsic, Maria C. Alu, Aaron Crowley, Rebecca T. Hahn, Samir R. Kapadia, E. Murat Tuzcu, Lars Svensson, Paul C. Cremer, and Wael A. Jaber

Data from the PARTNER trials were assessed regarding post-procedural prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement and surgical aortic valve replacement. The timing and rates of PVE were similar between the groups, and they had a similar high mortality.

Source: The New England Journal of Medicine
Author(s): Gregg W. Stone, A. Pieter Kappetein, Joseph F. Sabik, Stuart J. Pocock, Marie-Claude Morice, John Puskas, David E. Kandzari, Dimitri Karmpaliotis, W. Morris Brown, III, Nicholas J. Lembo, Adrian Banning, Béla Merkely, Ferenc Horkay, Piet W. Boonstra, Ad J. van Boven, Imre Ungi, Gabor Bogáts, Samer Mansour, Nicolas Noiseux, Manel Sabaté, Jose Pomar, Mark Hickey, Anthony Gershlick, Pawel E. Buszman, Andrzej Bochenek, Erick Schampaert, Pierre Pagé, Rodrigo Modolo, John Gregson, Charles A. Simonton, Roxana Mehran, Ioanna Kosmidou, Philippe Généreux, Aaron Crowley, Ovidiu Dressler, and Patrick W. Serruys for the EXCEL Trial Investigators

In this randomized trial, percutaneous coronary intervention and CABG had equivalent outcomes for the composite of death, stroke, or myocardial infarction at five years for patients with left main disease of low or intermediate anatomical complexity.

Source: Journal of Integrative Cardiology Open Access
Author(s): Vasubabu Gudala, Abhinavsingh Chauhan, Jhulana Kumar Jena, Lakshmi Kumari Sankhyan, Niwin George, Priyanka Chowdhury, Sukhjeet Singh, Suruchi Hasija, Ujjwal K. Chowdhury

Gudala and associates performed a literature review of 108 patients who sustained left ventricular rupture following mitral valve replacement. The incidence in pooled data was 0.72%. The authors expounded on the mechanisms, classification, repair techniques, and treatment outcomes of this dreadful complication. In addtion, they added a subcategory, type IV, and proposed an alternative surgical classification. This is a thorough and comprehensive review that would be helpful to all cardiac surgeons.

Source: JAMA Cardiology
Author(s): Devin K. Patel; Meredith S. Duncan; Ashish S. Shah; Brian R. Lindman; Robert A. Greevy Jr; Patrick D. Savage; Mary A. Whooley; Michael E. Matheny; Matthew S. Freiberg; Justin M. Bachmann

Participation in a post-discharge rehabilitation program after valve surgery was associated with a 34% relative decrease in hospitalization during the first year and a 61% relative decrease in mortality at one year.