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Journal and News Scan

Source: CBC Radio
Author(s): Mouhamad Rachini
In May, Dr. Teresa Kieser, cardiac surgeon at the Foothills Medical Centre in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, filed a complaint with the Alberta Human Rights Commission against her employer, Alberta Health Services. She claims she has faced gender-based discrimination during her thirty-four years in her position. At least one alleged instance led to the suspension of her surgery privileges. Dr. Kieser is not the first female surgeon in the specialty to experience gender inequality in their training or practice setting. This article discusses Dr. Kieser’s complaint and the broader context of sexism in surgery.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Daokun Sun, MD, MPH, Hartzell V. Schaff, MD, Rick A. Nishimura, MD, Jeffrey B. Geske, MD, Joseph A. Dearani, MD, Darrell B. Newman, MD, and Steve R. Ommen, MD
This study investigates the prevalence and risk factors of patient-reported postdischarge atrial fibrillation (AF) after septal myectomy for obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. It found a correlation between incidence of patient-reported postdischarge AF and increased length of follow-up after septal myectomy, identified risk factors associated with chronicity of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, and found that earlier intervention may mitigate late atrial arrhythmias.
Source: Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Author(s): Mount Sinai

A study, published on June 9 in the Journal of Cardiac Failure, shows heart failure patients who are unvaccinated against COVID-19 are three times more likely to die if infected with the virus compared to fully vaccinated and boosted heart failure patients. The study's corresponding author Anurhada Lala, MD, Director of Heart Failure Research and an Associate Professor of Medicine (Cardiology) at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, said in a press release that these findings can be useful to help educate reluctant patients and encourage them to follow through with full vaccination, including boosters, with the goal of improving their chances of survival.

Source: The Cardiothroracic Surgeon
Author(s): H Ghandour , D Vervoort, R Ravishankar, J Swain

In September 2015, the United Nations introduced Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to address persistent gaps in global health by 2030. Of the seventeen SDGs, the authors posit how fifteen goals can be directly or indirectly influenced by the cardiothoracic community. Amid the growing movement of National Surgical, Obstetric, and Anesthesia Plans developed by dozens of countries worldwide and catalyzed by local Ministries of Health and the World Health Organization, cardiac surgery receives little mention because of a lack of individual and societal voices at the table. The cardiothoracic community, however, is ideally positioned to play a pivotal role in securing future access to quality global cardiovascular care. 

Author(s): WDRB Media
A multidisciplinary team within Norton Children’s Heart Institute performed what the institute says is a medical first for the United States: implantation of a tiny pacemaker into a 28-week-old infant born premature with congenital structural heart defects and complete atrioventricular block (CCAVB) that led to a slow heart rate. The patient was too small for the traditional path of care.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Reid C. Chamberlain, MD, MS, Nicholas D. Andersen, MD, Andrew W. McCrary, MD, MS, Christoph P. Hornik, MD, PhD, and Kevin D. Hill, MD, MS
This study evaluates the incidence and risk factors for postoperative renal failure and relationships between renal failure, shunt type, and outcomes after Norwood.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Joke Verlinden, MD, Thierry Bove, MD, PhD, Laurent de Kerchove, MD, PhD, Jerome Baert, MD, Marc Radermecker, MD, PhD, Rodolphe Durieux, MD, Herbert Gutermann, MD, Christian Van Kerrebroeck, MD, Delphine Szecel, MD, and Bart Meuris, MD, PhD
This study was conducted to determine the incidence of postoperative conduction disorders and need for pacemaker (PM) implantation after aortic valve replacement (AVR) with the Perceval prosthesis (Livanova, Saluggia, Italy).
Source: The New England Journal of Medicine
Author(s): the CheckMate 816 Investigators

No statistical significance ,between the two arms, regarding the OVERALL survival in this RCT funded by the supplier and manufacturer of the immunotherapy in question....

Source: JTCVS Open
Author(s): Jasmin S. Hanke MD et. al
The authors describe recent innovations as they relate to LVAD technical advances and alternative surgical approaches that have been developed and refined.
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Author(s): Leah M. Steinmetz and Joseph S. Coselli

This is a compreshensive review on the experience with use of TEVAR in patients with Marfan syndrome, including durablity, complications, and timing, etc.  Drs. Steinmetz and Cosellihe also discussed the role and trend of TEVAR in Marfan paitents with aortic disease.