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Journal and News Scan

Source: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Techniques
Author(s): Abigail White, MD; Sabin J. Bozso, MD; Maral Ouzounian, MD, PhD; Michael W. A. Chu, MD; Michael C. Moon, MD; on behalf of Canadian Thoracic Aortic Collaborative

A good discussion on the concepts of:

1. aortic true lumen and false lumen behavior after repair of acute Type A aortic dissection
2. distal anastomotic new entry tear after hemiarch repair
3. impact of above on clinical outcomes
4. strategies on preventing distal anastomotic entry tear

The authors communicate that improved understanding of these hemodynamic conditions may serve to improve surgical technique, guide creation of novel devices toward new therapeutic targets, reduce surgical risk, and ultimately improve patient outcomes.

Source: Foldax news and events
Author(s): Foldax Inc

On May 25, 2021, Dr. David Heimansohn successfully performed the first surgical implantation of biopolymer Tria™ heart valve in a patient with mitral valve disease at Ascension St. Vincent Hospital, Indianapolis, IN. 

Foldax’s Tria valve is fabricated with a polymeric, silicone-rich polyurethane material intended to resist calcification, improve valve durability, and, most importantly, avoid the need for lifelong anticoagulation. 

Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Christopher Ibarra, MD, Zachary Spigel, MD, MPH, Rija John, RN, MSN, Ziyad M. Binsalamah, MD, Iki Adachi, MD, Jeffrey S. Heinle, MD, Christopher A. Caldarone, MD, E. Dean McKenzie, MD, and Michiaki Imamura, MD, PhD
There are multiple techniques for the repair of supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS), but given the rarity of the lesion, analyses comparing the efficacy of each repair is limited.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Anita Nguyen, MBBS, Hartzell V. Schaff, MD, Steve R. Ommen, MD, Bernard J. Gersh, MBChB, DPhil, Joseph A. Dearani, MD, Jeffrey B. Geske, MD, Brian D. Lahr, MS, Rick A. Nishimura, MD
Septal myectomy leads to excellent symptomatic relief in most patients, and more than 80% report subjective improvement in health status. Important predictors of worsening health included coronary artery disease and poor preoperative health status.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): William Z. Chancellor, MD, J. Hunter Mehaffey, MD, MSc, Raj P. Desai, MS, Jared Beller, MD, Rajesh Balkrishnan, PhD, Dustin M. Walters, MD, Linda W. Martin, MD, MPH
Chronic and prolonged opioid use were independently associated with reduced long-term, disease-specific survival after lung cancer resection. These findings provide epidemiologic support for a biological relationship between opioid use and lung cancer progression.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Rachel L. Medbery, MD, Felix G. Fernandez, MD, MSc, Andrzej S. Kosinski, PhD, Betty C. Tong, MD, MHS, Anthony P. Furnary, MD, Liqi Feng, MS, Mark Onaitis, MD, Daniel Boffa, MD, Cameron D. Wright, MD, Patricia Cowper, PhD, Jeffrey P. Jacobs, MD, Joe B. Putnam, Jr, MD, and Robert H. Habib, PhD
The goal of this study was to determine underlying case mix factors that can contribute to a plethora of 90-day costs of lobectomy for early-stage lung cancer.
Source: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Author(s): G. Hossein Almassi, Robert B. Hawkins, Muath Bishawi, A. Laurie Shroyer, Brack Hattler, Jacquelyn A. Quin, Joseph F. Collins, Faisal G. Bakaeen, Ramin Ebrahimi, Frederick L. Grover, Todd H. Wagner, for theVeterans Affairs Randomized On/Off Bypass Follow-up Study (ROOBY-FS) Group

This month's update on the economical and general aspects of the ROOBY-FS trial. The conclusion (on no impact of de novo post-CABG AF on the incidence of stroke nor the 5 year expenditure ) challenges many hitherto perceptions on this frequent compication of coronary surgery.

Source: Circulation Research
Author(s): Daniel Burkhoff , Veli K. Topkara , Gabriel Sayer , Nir Uriel

An authoritative, scholarly but very readable review of the evolution of mechanical circulatory support of the left ventricle from the non-surgical standpoint.

Source: The New England Journal of Medicine
Author(s): Richard P. Whitlock, Emilie P. Belley-Cote, Domenico Paparella, Jeff S. Healey, Katheryn Brady, Mukul Sharma, Wilko Reents, Petr Budera, Andony J. Baddour, Petr Fila, P.J. Devereaux, Alexander Bogachev-Prokophiev, Andreas Boening, Kevin H.T. Teoh, Georgios I. Tagarakis, Mark S. Slaughter, Alistair G. Royse, Shay McGuinness, Marco Alings, Prakash P. Punjabi, C. David Mazer, Richard J. Folkeringa, Andrea Colli, Álvaro Avezum, Juliet Nakamya, Kumar Balasubramanian, Jessica Vincent, Pierre Voisine, Andre Lamy, Salim Yusuf, Stuart J. Connolly, M.D., et al., for the LAAOS III Investigators

A large RCT concluding that 'surgical occlusion of the left atrial appendage provides additional protection against stroke when added to anticoagulation.' A number of limitations are briefly discussed. Findings are interesting in that absolute absence of surgical complications has been declared.

Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Vincent K.H. Tam, MD , Eldad Erez, MD, Lisa Roten, MD, Steve Muyskens, MD, Vinod Sebastian, MD, Christopher Tsao, PhD, Hisashi Nikaidoh, MD
This review examines the anatomic repair for congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries with ventricular septal defect (VSD) and pulmonic stenosis performed using atrial switch and Rastelli.