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Journal and News Scan

Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Rahul Nayak, Susan B. Brogly, Katherine Lajkosz, M. Diane Lougheed, Dimitri Petsikas

The authors evaluated outcomes of empyema management in over 9,000 patients in Ontario, Canada, from 1996-2015. Mortality was higher for nonoperative management at all time points assessed up to one year.

Source: World Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery
Author(s): Robyn Lotto, Ian Jones, Sarah E. Seaton, Ram Dhannapuneni, Rafael Guerrero, Attilio Lotto

This study examines the way in which risk is perceived by parents of children undergoing congenital cardiac surgery. The findings demonstrate differences in the way mothers and fathers perceive risk, with mothers reporting statistically significantly higher scores than their partners. In particular, parents of children who experience postoperative complications presented a persistent rise in risk perception following discharge, emphasizing the need for flexible levels of support and information as parents navigate uncertainty.

Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Author(s): Percy ED, Kaneko T, Aranki SF

Interesting succinct note on a major issue, noting a possible association between cardiopulmonary bypass and this common complication.

Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Author(s): Neha J. Pagidipati, Renato D. Lopes

A useful narrative on pharmacology and metabolomics for surgeons caring for the diabetic population; the vast majority of the CTSNet membership.

Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Author(s): Francois Dagenais

A succinct analysis of a challenging problem, with a discussion on the 'magic diameter' of 55 mm.

Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Fei-Yi Wu, Abhijit Mondal, Pedro J. del Nido, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Sitaram M. Emani, Christopher W. Baird, Aditya K. Kaza

This single institution study of outcomes for the treatment of supravalvular aortic stenosis over a 20-year period identified risk factors for reintervention or reoperation: age <1 year, smaller aortic valve or aortic root, and concomitant right ventricular outflow tract repair.

Source: European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Ilaria Chirichilli, Francesco Irace, Luca Weltert, Kazumasa Tsuda, Raffaele Scaffa, Andrea Salica, Nicola Galea, Ruggero De Paulis

Aortic annulus size and shape were analyzed in computed tomography angiography after a reimplantation procedure in patients with bicuspid and tricuspid aortic valves. Prior to surgery, elliptic shape was observed in tricuspid valves and more circular shape in bicuspid valves. After reimplantation, there was no difference between groups with similar roundness regardless of valve morphology. The authors concluded that annuloplasty plays an active role on the geometry of the aortic annulus.

Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Aashish Kumar, Chris Anstey, Peter Tesar, Kiran Shekar

This single institution study spanning a decade of experience identified a 6.5% rate of mortality, which was related to active endocarditis at the time of surgery, the need for preoperative ventilation, longer bypass times, and increasing European risk score.

Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Author(s): Chun-Yang Huang, Hung-Lung Hsu, Po-Lin Chen, Tzu-Ting Kuo, I-Ming Chen, Chiao-Po Hsu, Chun-Che Shih

Interesting retrospective imaging study of true and false lumens with or without bare metal stents placed distally in the abdominal aorta.

Source: MedPage Today
Author(s): Charles Bankhead

This brief overview of recently presented improvements in lung cancer therapy highlights the substantial benefits of newer chemotherapy and immunotherapy regimens that are transforming the outlooks of many patients with advanced lung cancer.