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Journal and News Scan

Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): DuyKhanh P Ceppa , John S Ikonomidis , Lava R Timsina, Natalie Boden, Lauren C Kane , Jessica S Donington

The Society of Thoracic Surgeons' most recent Practice Survey was executed in the fall of 2019, the results of which were discussed at their 2020 annual meeting. Women in Thoracic Surgery, in conjunction with STS, reviewed those results, with a focus on female respondents. Women remain a significantly small subset of the cardiothoracic workforce.

Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Keiichi Hirose, MD, PhD, Akio Ikai, MD, PhD, Masaya Murata, MD, Hiroki Ito, MD, Hiroshi Koshiyama, MD, Motonari Ishidou, MD, Keisuke Ota, MD, Kentaro Watanabe, MD, Eiji Nakatani, PhD, and Kisaburo Sakamoto, MD
Patients who undergo eTCPC and ieTCPC appear to have excellent clinical outcomes, suggesting that ieTCPC may be a good option for TCPC cases with anatomical complexity.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Amit Saha, MD, Douglas L. Jennings, PharmD, Yuming Ning, PhD, Paul Kurlansky, MD, Andrea N. Miltiades, MD, Jessica L. Spellman, MD, Joseph Sanchez, MD, Melana Yuzefpolskaya, MD, Paolo C. Colombo, MD, Hiroo Takayama, MD, PhD, Yoshifumi Naka, MD, PhD, and Koji Takeda, MD, PhD
This investigation studied the effectiveness of methylene blue (MB) for vasoplegia in LVAD recipients and found that clinical outcomes did not improve after LVAD implantation.
Source: The New England Journal of Medicine
Author(s): Fatima Rodriguez MD, MPH and Robert A Harrington MD

This review nicely summarizes the recommendations for antithrombotic therapy in the setting of acute coronary syndromes.  In a section relevant to cardiac surgeons, they suggest that patients who undergo CABG surgery in the setting of an acute coronary syndrome should be similarly treated with dual antiplatelet therapy.

Source: European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Silvia Mas-Peiro, Gloria Faerber, Dimitra Bon, Eva Herrmann, Timm Bauer, Sabine Bleiziffer, Raffi Bekeredjian, Andreas Böning, Christian Frerker, Andreas Beckmann, Helge Möllmann, Mariuca Vasa-Nicotera, Stephan Ensminger, Christian W Hamm, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Stephan Fichtlscherer, Thomas Walther for the GARY-Executive Board
This analysis presents the impact of chronic kidney disease on patients undergoing TAVI or SAVR procedures.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Erin M. Corsini, MD, MSc, Nicolas Zhou, DO, Mara B. Antonoff, MD, Reza J. Mehran, MD, David C. Rice, MD, Jack A. Roth, MD, Boris Sepesi, MD, Stephen G. Swisher, MD, Ara A. Vaporciyan, MD, Garrett L. Walsh, MD, and Wayne L. Hofstetter, MD
This study analyzes the medication Ketorolac when used for acute kidney injury or bleeding after surgery.
Source: FDA NEWS RELEASE
Author(s): U.S. Food and Drug Administration

On Friday, March 26, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the Harmony Transcatheter Pulmonary Valve (TPV) System to be used to treat pediatric and adult patients with a native or surgically-repaired right ventricular outflow tract who have severe pulmonary valve regurgitation. 

Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Norma E. Farrow, MD, MHS, Vignesh Raman, MD, MHS, Oliver K. Jawitz, MD, MHS,Soraya L. Voigt, MD, Betty C. Tong, MD, MHS, David H. Harpole, Jr, MD, and Thomas A. D’Amico, MD

This study analyzes surgery versus chemoradiation for esophageal cancer in older patients.

Source: European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Anders Holmgren, Tone Bull Enger, Ulf Näslund, Vibeke Videm, Solveig Valle, Karen Julie Dybvad Evjemo, Örjan Friberg, Alexander Wahba

Holmgren et al. report the long-term outcome of aortic valve replacement patients for bicuspid or tricuspid aortic valve pathologies within a Swedish cohort. In their analysis, patients with bicuspid valve morphology showed an independent association with improved outcome, even matching the general population´s prognosis.

Source: European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
Author(s): Ahmadali Amirghofran, Fatemeh Edraki, Mohammadreza Edraki, Gholamhossein Ajami, Hamid Amoozgar, Hamid Mohammadi, Abbas Emaminia, Bahram Ghasemzadeh, Mohammad Borzuee, Farah Peiravian, Zahra Kheirandish, Nima Mehdizadegan, Mohammadreza Sabri, Sirus Cheriki, Hamid Arabi

Amirghofran et al. present a cohort of 21 patients receiving repair of tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) by a new surgical technique using autologous right atrial appendage tissue as a pulmonary valve substitute. This technique was proven feasible with good mid-term results and valve function in patients undergoing ToF repair requiring a PA valve substitute.

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